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Full text of "The manufacture and properties of iron and steel"

CHAPTER XXIV.
GERMANY.
In discussing the German iron industry I have been guided mainly by personal knowledge of the different districts. There were also at hand a series of letters by Kirchhoff in The Iron Age, May, 1900. The data on steel works, blast furnaces and puddling furnaces are taken from the Gemeinfassliche Darstellung des JSisenhuttenwessens, and the boundaries of the districts are reproduced from drawings and descriptions made out for me by Dr. Wedding, of Berlin. The manuscript of the first edition was submitted both to Dr, Weddiqg and to Herr Schrodter, editor of Stahl und JSisen, and since .this book was published it has been read by other friends in Germany, and I am indebted particularly to Mr. Franz 3. Miiller, General Director of the Eheinische Steelworks at Ruhrort, and to O. von Kraewel, Superintendent of the same company, for a critical review, the information derived from them during- a visit to Ruhrort being used in revising, for later editions, both, this chapter on Germany and the account of the basic Bessemer process;
SECTION XXIVa.—Statistics.—Germany recognizes three kinds of product: (1) ingots for sale; (2) half-finished product; (3) finished product; but if one works sell ingots to another,, and the second makes billets and sells them, to a third mill for rerolling, then this steel is put into the total three separate times. A large amount is actually added twice, because almost all the wire mills in Germany are independent, Within the last few years the production of ingots has been collected,, but before that time no statistics were
TABLE XXIY-A. Approximate Annual Output of Ore and Pig-Iron in Germany.
	Ore.	Pig Iron.
Rhenish Westphalia. .......................	210,000	4,010,000
Lotliringeii.                 .....................	10,680,000	1,980,000
Luxeniburg.. " .        ...... • ..... • ..........	6,010,000	1,230,000
	390,000	750,000
The Saar .............................. ......		•   740,000
	3,180,665	720,000
Hanover ................................	800,000	360,000
Other districts ..............................	750,000	3CO,000 '
Total             ............................	22,000,000	10,090,000
		
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